In the 19th century, artistic movements alternated in rapid succession, exhibiting mainly retrospective tendencies from the middle of the century onwards. Precious Empire furniture and tapestries – presents from Napoleon I to Max I Joseph and Ludwig I – found their way into the Museum. The stylistic elements of the early 19th century can also be found on the magnificent vases and services of the Nymphenburg Porcelain Factory.
Between 1850 and 1910, historicist styles including neo-Gothic, neo-Renaissance, neo-Baroque and neo-Rococo can be seen reflected in Munich's arts and crafts. A unique highlight of this period is the goldsmith's masterpiece, The Grail, by Theodor Heiden. Ludwig Schwanthaler, Munich’s most outstanding sculptor of the 19th century, is represented with central works such as the Contemplating Nymph.