The cultural landscapes of Franconia, Swabia and Old Bavaria are still characterised by the works from the Romanesque period to this day. At the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, this epoch is represented most notably by the stone sculptures from the Wessobrunn Abbey, which is located to the south of lake Ammersee and was famous in the Middle Ages.
At least as significant are the monumental carved crucifixion groups from Bamberg, Schongau and Kaufbeuren as well as the works of ecclesiastical treasure art made of ivory and metal. The Reidersche Tafel, a Late Antique ivory relief depicting the Resurrection and Ascension of Christ, and the Casket of Empress Cunigunde, a work of the Viking Age created in Scandinavia around 1000, are world renowned.